We started Day 4 with a presentation by Dan Mogenson, head of the Urban Planning Department for Copenhagen City Council. He introduced the approach that the planning department is taking to the future development of Copenhagen including their holistic approach to renewable energy (wind turbines, district heating, waste incineration, etc.), cycling infrastructure (up to 50% people commute by cycle in Copenhagen in Summer, 30% in Winter), sustainable built environment, etc. Many thanks to Dan for an excellent and inspiring introduction to the development of the city – a real example from which not only the students but the whole of the UK could learn.
Crossing over the bridge to the northern side of the harbour we visited the Kalvebod Bølge, an extension of the waterfront at Kalvebod Brygge, an “undulating promenade rising to varying levels and jutting into the harbour will provide space for a range of water activities.”
“The shape draws the promenade out into the sun, thereby ensuring that Kalvebod Brygge, which otherwise remains in the shade from noon onwards, benefits from the maximum possible hours of sunshine. Along the promenade there is a number of small recreational zones and pools for different purposes as well as a jetty for kayaks.”
Just behind Kalvebod Brygge is the wonderful landscape City Dune by SLA, forming the ground plane and setting for a new office development. The use of cast in-situ white concrete forms a facetted ground plane leading people through a ‘swedish forest landscape’, now intensively colonised by sketers.
The landscape leads up 2-3 storeys from the surrounding roads to a raised walk through another office development. It is the opposite of the typical office development (an object building in an open space) as it is formed by a series of office towers scattered around a focal public space, with the ground levels of the landscape feeding into the buildings and forming a contoured floor for the buildings.
From City Dune we then took the train to the North of Copenhagen to see the new Superkilen Park – an exciting development by a group called Superflex including artists, landscape architects and architects. It is split into 3 areas – a red area, a black area and a green area.
The park as a whole was filled with interesting objects, all of which were chosen by members of the local community. The community draw from over 100 different countries and everyone was asked to choose something from their own culture – from benches and bollards, to boxing rings and neon signs…
Overall this was an original and innovative park in a relatively poor area of town that had involved a huge number of people from the local community in its detailing and design. It has its own app that tells you all about the history of the various object and was very well used when we visited – even mid afternoon on a weekday. An interesting approach to landscape architecture and a great way to finish the day.